Jackie Chan Is Not Returning…

We shouldn’t get too ahead of ourselves when it comes to Rush Hour 4 and, perhaps to a lesser degree, The Karate Kid 2. Recently, there has been a lot of talk that Jackie Chan and Chris Tucker may finally reunite for another Rush Hour movie. Also, apparently, there has been some talk that a follow-up to his Karate Kid remake is in the works. However, some false information regarding both of these projects has been making the rounds and now, the actor’s representatives have stepped in.

Essentially, according to a letter shared to the official Jackie Chan website, someone has been falsely using the email of Esmond Ren, described as a “motion picture industry professional.” The unidentified individual has been spreading incorrect information relating to staffing cast and crew for these alleged sequels. Now, Chan’s reps are making sure it’s very clear that the martial arts legend has nothing to do with any information being spread around by this particular person. Here’s what the letter had to say about it.

“We have noticed that false information that Mr. Chan would act in the motion pictures Rush Hour 4 and The Karate Kid 2 is spreading through multiple social media platforms, and that certain apparently infringing parties have misappropriated the personal WeChat and email accounts of Mr. Esmond Ren, a motion picture industry professional, to release false information concerning the hiring of the crew, casting, audition and other matters in connection with the pictures Rush Hour 4 and The Karate 2. With respect to the above information, on behalf of Mr. Chan, we hereby declare that any and all such information, as spread by such infringer relating to Mr. Chan providing or about to provide acting services in the motion pictures Rush Hour 4 and/or The Karate Kid 2 is false; any relevant information released by any infringer through appropriating the personal WeChat and email accounts of Mr. Esmond Ren is false, and Mr. Chan does not have anything to do with such released information or the content thereof.”

First of all, anytime someone is misrepresenting themselves in a professional manner as something they’re not, it’s more than unfortunate for those on the receiving end of the wrong information and for those who are being misrepresented. The letter also makes it very clear that this is illegal and that Jackie Chan and his reps will take legal action if necessary. So this could get ugly for whoever is responsible.

Now, for those who were excited about the possibility of either of these movies happening, here’s what this means. Rush Hour 4 and, again, to a lesser degree probably, The Karate Kid 2 could still happen. This just means that any information being spread by this individual relating to the alleged productions is false. It’s entirely possible that there are legitimate actions taking place behind the scenes to make one or, who knows, maybe even both of these things happen. We just have to wait for official word from the studio. Not some sketchy casting email.

Recently, Chris Tucker shared a photo with Jackie Chan on his birthday, with both of them holding up four fingers, which sparked a whole lot of talk about the possibility of Rush Hour 4. Tucker has confirmed publically that the movie is being worked on. So while this letter is definitely an ugly thing, it doesn’t mean we can’t still get excited about the possibility of a Tucker/Chan reunion. The full letter can be found at JackieChan.com.

Topics: Rush Hour 4, Karate Kid 2

Ryan Scott at Movieweb Writer of various things on the internet (mostly about movies) since 2013. Major lover of popcorn flicks. Avid appreciator of James Bond, Marvel and Star Wars. Has a tremendously fat cat named Buster and still buys CDs. I’ve got my reasons.


The Meaning of Belt Color…

Colored belts represent levels of progress for students of martial arts. The system was pioneered in the 19th century by Dr. Jigoro Kano, considered by many as the father of modern judo. The belt system has since come to be used by other martial arts, including taekwondo and karate. Colors vary between disciplines, and even within disciplines can be different from country to country or club to club; they may also include ranks within colors. But the symbolism of the belts remains the same across disciplines.


White belts are typically given to beginner students of the martial arts. White is a symbol of birth and beginning, indicating that the student is just starting to gain knowledge. White belts are used in most martial arts, including karate, taekwondo and judo.


A yellow belt symbolizes sunlight, a symbol of new strength and the beginning of new life. This represents the student’s progress as he receives knowledge from his instructor and become stronger and more skilled. The yellow belt is used in karate and taekwondo. It is used for junior judo students — 16 and younger — according to the U.S. Judo Federation, but not for students 17 and older.


The orange belt also symbolizes the sun. It represents a sun that is growing in power, warming the earth and preparing it for new growth. The student at this stage is preparing for further development. Orange belts are used in both karate and judo.


As a martial arts student improves, he receives a green belt. The green belt represents the growth of a seed that sprouts upward, becoming a plant. Like the sprout, the student is becoming something greater. Green belts can be found in karate, taekwondo and judo.


A blue belt represents the sky and signifies continued growth. It is used in judo, taekwondo and karate. A student moves upward in his development, just as a plant reaches up into the blue sky as it grows.


A purple belt student is undergoing change as he advances in his studies and begins to set his sights on the black belt. The purple belt represents this change, symbolizing the sky changing color at dawn. Purple belts are used in both karate and judo.


Brown represents maturity. Like seeds that turn brown in the harvest season, the student has matured into something new at this stage in his development. The student will begin to see the benefits of his work, like a farmer reaping his crop at harvest. This belt color is given to students in judo and karate.


Red is another representation of the sun — this time representing a close, hot sun. This proximity to the sun represents the student’s detailed knowledge. Judo, karate and taekwondo all use red belts.


A black belt is the highest level of belt in judo, karate and taekwondo — though there may also be levels of black belt. The black belt is the opposite of the white belt, signifying completion and maturity in the student. It is popularly said that ancient martial artists’ white belts would become black with dirt over years of training, but this story is likely just that.

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System & Rank Certification Procedures

The Martial Arts International Federation serves as a registry for official martial arts rank across the globe. When registering new MAIF members who have martial arts rank, it is important to understand the difference between homologation or validation of martial art rank and promotion in martial art rank. A promotion is the awarding of the next higher rank to a member who already has his or her rank certified with the MAIF. It can only be accomplished when the MAIF member fulfills all the requirements for their next promotion in a specific martial art rank system or in a martial art rank system from a recognized martial art organization as determined by the MAIF Technical Committee.


For students or instructors who wish to join the MAIF and already have martial arts rank, the MAIF rank system provides procedures for homologation and validation. Homologation is the issuance of MAIF credentials for specific martial art rank possessed by a prospective or current member when that rank has been issued by a recognized martial art organization. Validation is the examination of a prospective or current member to obtain MAIF credentials for a martial art rank issued by an unrecognized martial arts organization, or for which no credentials are possessed.

Each procedure, homologation or validation is explained below. These procedures apply to all new members with martial art rank of Brown Belt or higher. New members, with lower ranks may be registered at their current rank with approval of their Instructor.

HOMOLOGATING NEW MEMBERS WITH ACCEPTABLE RANK CREDENTIALSHomologation is the method by which an Instructor can register a new member (Brown Belt or higher) who has proof of rank in the form of a rank card or certificate that is recognized by the Central Technical Committee of the Martial Arts International Federation.

In keeping with the International Standards of Minimum Age Requirements for Dan Grades, the MAIF does require that minimum ages are considered when issuing Homologated Certification for rank issued by other martial art organizations.

The following Minimum Ages are required for dan grade certification in the MAIF:· 16 yrs. old for Shodan, Black Belt, 1st Dan

· 18 yrs. old for Nidan, Black Belt, 2nd Dan

· 20 yrs old for Sandan, Black belt, 3rd Dan

· 25 yrs old for Yondan, Black Belt, 4th Dan

· 30 yrs old for Godan, Black Belt, 5th Dan

· 35 yrs old for Rokudan, Black Belt, 6th Dan

· 40 yrs old for Shichidan, Black Belt, 7th Dan

· 50 yrs old for Hachidan, Black Belt, 8th Dan

· 60 yrs old for Kudan, Black Belt, 9th Dan

· 70 yrs old for Judan, Black Belt, 10th Dan

Note: There are many martial art organizations whose rank credentials are recognized by the MAIF. If the new member has acceptable rank credentials, he or she may have their rank certified in the MAIF at the current martial art rank.

MAIF Rank Homologation will be issued to only MAIF recognized martial art systems.In order for a martial art system to be recognized by the MAIF, all of the following criteria must be met:1. The martial art system’s senior black belts must be current members of the MAIF.

2. The martial art system’s complete curriculum and history must be on file at the MAIF Global Office.

3. The martial art system’s most current roster of instructor / examiners must be on file at the MAIF Global Office.

4. The martial art system’s black belts must be certified with the MAIF (with their personal martial arts “Bio”, photo, copies of all their rank certificates and references on file at the MAIF Office).

5. The senior black belts of each new “applicant system” are required to attend a Seminar, Camp or place and time coordinated through the MAIF Global Office in order to present and demonstrate their system to the MAIF Central Technical Committee for induction into the MAIF Yudanshakai.

To homologate a new member with acceptable rank credentials, an Instructor simply fills out a MAIF Membership/Certification Form, attaches a copy of the new member’s recognized rank card or certificate, and mails this to the MAIF Office for processing along with the annual membership and rank registration fees. If the Instructor is in doubt as to whether a certain rank card or certificate is acceptable, he or she has only to send a photocopy of the card or certificate to the MAIF for determination.

The Instructor will always receive a prompt and courteous reply. A new member who has his or her rank certified will receive a MAIF Membership Card showing his or her current rank, a MAIF Rank Certificate, MAIF Lapel Pin and a MAIF Patch.

VALIDATION OF MARTIAL ART RANKValidation is the method by which an Instructor can register a new member who has no acceptable proof of martial art rank. Instructors and prospective members should understand clearly that when we refer to a new member’s credentials as “unacceptable” there is absolutely no reflection on the member’s technical competence in martial arts, (nor their character). However, the term “unacceptable” merely means that the credentials the member possesses are not issued by a recognized martial art organization.

Validation is also a method by which a new member can be registered at the martial art rank that he or she is best qualified to hold. If the new member has not participated in a nationally, standardized rank system, he or she may not have been promoted to the rank now held by contemporaries in skill, knowledge and experience. Validation is the method for correcting this situation. Validation is the detailed process by which the MAIF examines new members to verify their credentials or to determine the rank they are best qualified to hold. It involves a thorough examination of their martial art knowledge, technical ability, a historical review of their martial art experience, and their service to martial arts. The historical review may go back to their first day of training (and their Instructor) or to the date of their last “acceptable” rank credentials. All new members who do not possess acceptable rank credentials must have their rank validated to be registered with the MAIF holding the rank of Brown Belt or higher. As with MAIF promotions, the member must belong to a MAIF member school or club to be eligible for rank validation.

If the validation is for a Kyu (Brown Belt or below) grade, then the examination must be performed by a certified MAIF Black Belt (and current member of the Federation). If the validation is for a Dan (Black Belt) grade, then the examiner must be a certified MAIF Black Belt who is at least two grades higher than the rank validation level of the new member. The examiner for all validations or promotions must be a Certified Instructor/Examiner of the MAIF. The examiner will utilize the MAIF Request for Validation of Martial Art Rank Form and send it with the individual’s membership application and appropriate fees to the MAIF International Office for processing. The MAIF Office will insure that the forms are properly completed and will forward to the new member (or their Instructor) a MAIF Membership Card, MAIF Rank Certificate, MAIF Lapel Pin and a MAIF Patch.

Note: The MAIF Request for Validation Form has all of the necessary instructions for completion and the current validation fees. Promotions, Homologations or Validations for Martial Art Rank of 5th Degree and higher must be approved by the MAIF Central Technical Committee. Additionally, the MAIF Central Technical Committee has approved the institution of minimal time in grade and age requirements for all MAIF Dan Grade Levels.

Finally, the Martial Arts International Federation does deal in reciprocity. That is, if an organization or country does not recognize MAIF rank, the MAIF will not recognize grades issued by that organization or country. However, if an organization or a country recognizes MAIF certification but does not meet the high international martial art standards, MAIF cannot recognize grades issued by that organization or country.

To register your martial art rank with the Martial Arts International Federation, contact either your registered style or system organization, or the MAIF Global Office at 3816 Bellingham Drive – Reno, NV USA, for an application or use the On-Line Application for MAIF Dan Grade Certification.


Training Equipment for Mixed Martial…

  1. Sports
  2. Mixed Martial Arts
  3. Training Equipment for Mixed Martial Arts Fighting

By Frank Shamrock, Mary Van Note

Like any sport, Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) requires special equipment, largely to protect yourself during your training sessions. Important supplies and gear that you should gather before starting your MMA training include:

  • Boxing gloves: Essential for working on strikes, such as jabs, hooks, and uppercuts.
  • Handwraps: Good for protecting your hands when training or fighting competitively.
  • Headgear: Used for sparring to protect the skull from harsh blows.
  • Cup: Essential for male MMA fighters.
  • Mouthpiece: Critical for protecting your teeth while competing and training. Try conditioning while wearing a mouthpiece to get used to wearing one.
  • MMA gloves: Necessary for competitions. You should wear MMA gloves during sparring and grappling sessions as well so you can get accustomed to them.
  • MMA shin guards: Helpful for protecting your shins when training or sparring.
  • Stability ball: A great tool for working on your balance and control.
  • Jump rope: Useful for warming up before training and a common tool for MMA practitioners.
  • Thai pads and focus mitts: Good for using with a partner when you want to work on knees, kicks, and other strikes.
  • Kettlebells: A cast iron weight with a handle; a favorite tool among MMA fighters for full-body conditioning.
  • MMA attire: Can be worn inside and outside of the ring and includes T-shirts, hoodies, sweats, and shorts. MMA clothing tells people that you’re living the MMA lifestyle. It’s a conversation starter, and it may just stop someone from trying to push you around and steal your milk money.


Most gyms specializing in MMA will have a lot of this equipment. As for schools, they usually suggest that you buy your own handwraps, mouthpiece, cup, and gloves. Look to see whether a school you’re interested in has some of the listed equipment available. A good school or gym has plenty of MMA gear and safety equipment (think mats and first aid kits).



Strength Training for Mixed Martial…

Q: What type of strength training would you do for mixed martial arts?

A: That could be the subject of an entire book, but I’ll give the overall picture so you can get started. Here’s how I’d steer the training process:

1) Get a structural balance evaluation, as described in the level 1 and 2 practical portions of the Poliquin International Certification Program. That will identify priorities in training. To find a certified strength coach in your area, go to my Web site, www.CharlesPoliquin.com.

2) Get an overall view of the different types of training, and rate them on a scale of 1 to 10 on their bioenergetics. For example, grappling training is far more demanding than boxing. That will help you decide how to organize your weekly training schedule.

3) Schedule strength-training sessions based on overall training demands. High-threshold motor units should be trained first during the day. So, for example, you would do Olympic lifts in the morning and mat work in the evening.

4) There are many ways to schedule the strength training. I think for most MMA athletes the best approach is five days a week with only two exercises per session. For example, alternate thick-handle neutral-grip pullups with standing one-arm thick-dumbbell overhead presses.

5) Training for relative strength should be your primary concern, unless you’re asked to move up a weight class. Then functional hypertrophy becomes the quality to train.

6) Do thick-bar work when you train your upper body; that will ensure that the strength you build in the gym transfers to the mat.

7) Finish each session with forearm and grip work. Make sure you vary it a lot: gripping, radial flexion, ulnar flexion, etc.

By following those guidelines, you should derive the maximum benefit from strength training for the mixed martial arts.

Q: Where do you get your workout stuff? Is it all yours?

A: No, not at all. I’ve had many mentors who taught me very effective training methodology, either through their writings or through private teaching sessions. Long before the use of anabolic steroids became a common shortcut in the iron game, legendary Canadian strongman Doug Hepburn was clearly demonstrating that the optimal mix of principle-based training, nutrition, adequate recovery and drive can help you achieve Herculean levels of strength. For example:

1) Concentrate on two lifts per day. The analogy that Steven Covey uses in his book First Things First is,put the big rocks in the jar first. If you get strong on two basic lifts per workout, plenty of strength gains will follow. As often as permissible, I set up antagonistic pairs together, such as pullups and overhead presses. All the exercises Hepburn recommended were most-bang-for-your-buck moves, such as deadlifts, squats and presses. No triceps kickbacks here.

2) Do lots of sets for maximum strength. Do only a few things, but do them extremely well. Ask any real expert on strength training; it’s a very basic principle.

Two years ago I gave an invitation-only sport-specific strength-training program at Level 5 PICP coach Roberto Sabatini’s gym in Quebec, and I had Pierre Roy, the best lifting coach in North America, give a guest lecture. Dr. Espen Artzen, Norway’s first Level 4 PICP coach, asked Pierre, “What are the three most important keys to success in strength training?” Pierre’s answer was as follows: One, hard work; two, hard work; three, hard work. The strongest always have the biggest work capacity.

If you ever have a chance to look into the details of Doug Hepburn’s methodology for increasing maximum strength, you’ll see that it’s centered on lots of basic work.

3) Excite the nervous system first, and then do functional hypertrophy. Many of my successful colleagues use a variation of that approach.

Using Hepburn’s methodology and adding some refinements, such as exact prescriptions for exercise tempo and rest intervals, you could do a torso workout like the sample in the box below left. A sample lower-body workout appears above.

4) Use split routines. I used to find that total-body workouts were just too draining to recover from. I started to make progress myself only when I split my training up following Doug Hepburn’s or Anthony Dittilo’s methods. Oddly enough, “strength journalists” are pushing for total-body training. If you get to meet those who write that, however, you’ll discover that their best bodypart is greasy hair.

I was able to train a host of Olympic medalists by using two key lifts per day, multiple training sessions per week. Whether it was Adam Nelson or Pierre Lueders, they all used split routines. What I added to the fundamentals of the Hepburn system were standardized rest intervals and tempo—making it even better.

My colleague Christian Thibaudeau is probably one of the few Internet writers to sport a physique with strength to match—and he is a split-routine user. Success leaves clues.

5) Take your time. Doug Hepburn preached taking your time to adjust the load upward, which is something I strongly endorsed. Pierre Roy taught me the same thing. Want to increase your squat? Take a weight that will have your spleen coming out of your left eye socket on eight sets of two. Then at every successive workout try to add one rep per set to one set. Once you can complete 8 x 3, then it’s time to increase the weight.

The human body has not dramatically evolved in the last 50 years. Basic hard work still prevails. There are no shortcuts.

Editor’s note: Charles Poliquin is recognized as one of the world’s most suc-cessful strength coaches, having coached Olympic med-alists in 12 different sports, including the U.S. women’s track-and-field team for the 2000 Olympics. He’s spent years researching European journals (he’s fluent in English, French and German) and speaking with other coaches and scientists in his quest to optimize training methods. For more on his books, seminars and methods, visit www.CharlesPoliquin.net. Also, see his ad on page 193. IM

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The History of the Belt…

Martial Arts Belts

Grading and ranking in martial arts varies from skill to skill and from style to style although for all of them it defines the degree of the disciple’s knowledge. The general rule is that the knowledge a master has is formed into a system and certain style in order to transfer it to his disciples. The history of ranking is very long and it has been following the appearance of particular skills, and the current ranking system (belt, Dan) which appeared shortly after World War II has spread quickly worldwide and was accepted in almost all of styles.

The belt, the Dan- what do these terms mean for martial arts?
The history of the belt is very interesting. In ancient China, the belt was, in the beginning, used for suspending trousers, but later it was also used for inserting some valuable items or weapons for personal defense. Different colors of the belt showed the social order, clan or region the wearer belonged to. Moreover, the color of belt could also show which style of martial arts the man practiced as the colors differed from school to school. Ranking at schools (styles) in China followed the pattern the beginner, the more advanced disciple (assistant) and the master. Such type of ranking is also present in some schools nowadays. Between the two world wars Japan used the system of ranking in which the traditional symbolic of colors was used: white for beginners and black for masters. These colors symbolized the colors of life and death. The white color, in contrast to the western concept, is the color of death so that the white kimono and the white belt symbolized that the disciple comes to sacrifice himself and rejects his previous life and therefore accepts a more sophisticated understanding of life. When the disciple gains the master belt (in black colour) it shows that he has won the fear from death ; that’s why his attitude to life and death is something natural and he accepts it without any fear.There has been a rule that when the disciple puts on the belt once, he doesn’t take it off throughout all his practice. The kimono is changed because the disciple grows and becomes stronger as well as it gets ruined by frequent training. But what happens with the belt? What makes the belt change the colour and what meaning does it have? Well, the belt is white in the beginning, but through long training it becomes yellowish (titled – Mudansha) from the disciple’s frequent sweating.

As practice was held in nature the belt would become greenish from sweat and grass and later purple brown from dust and soil while practicing in the yards of a certain school. By the longtime training the belt got soaked with sweat, grass, soil, dust and even with the disciple’s blood becoming dark brown i.e.dirty black (titled – Yudansha). If we have the knowledge how the colors of the belt were made and how they changed from white to black, we can understand the link between a color and the length of the disciple’s practice and development.

Different schools or styles have different belt colors to rank the disciple’s development from the beginner to the master as well the time intervals necessary for passing from one level of knowledge to the higher one. However, it’s common to all schools that the color of the belt (KJU) has the meaning of ranking and grading the disciple’s knowledge (create – Mikonosuke Kawaishi master of jujutsu and judo – Paris 1948, and master Gichin Funakoshi – 1953.

The beginner’s white color is sometimes exchanged with yellow, and somewhere else with orange, while in a higher degree of knowledge, it can be replaced with green or blue, afterwards with brown (red and purple in some styles) and finally with the master’s black color. It is also common in almost all the arts that the necessary time span between the beginner’s to the master’s degree of knowledge is nearly the same, about four years. For example, in karate (Shoto-kan, Goyu-ryu, Wado-ryu, Oyama-ryu and Shito-ryu) the necessary time interval from the white to the black belt is at least four years to maximum four and a half years. The only exception is the traditional style Uechi-ryu which requires five years’ practice from the white to the black belt. Such time interval is also needed in some traditional Kung-fu, Ju jutsu or Brazilian jiu jitsu style (with obligation competition). In Judo the average interval from the white to the black belt is four years. Masters wear the black belt from 1st to 5th Dan, the white-red from 6th to 8th and the red one from 9th to 11th Dan.The red color symbolizes the color of blood, an it is considered that a master holding such a high title in his practice should have spelled lots of sweat or even “blood“. Ranking in belts was introduced in some kung fu schools in 1974 (wu shu -1993) implying that there is an average time span between the beginner to the master of three and a half years. The master title Dan is called Toan (duan) in Chinese styles. In Korean styles Tae kwon do, Tang soo do, Hwa rang do and Hap ki do, it normally takes four years from the first degree- the white belt to achieve the master of the skill- the black belt. The exception in martial arts is Savate ( the French boxing) where the ranking from the beginner to the master is not in the color of the belt, but in the color of the gloves; so that the beginner wears blue gloves,the competitors who are the masters of the skill have the silver ones , but the supreme knowledge is shown with masters who either wear silver or honorary platinum gloves. The time needed to reach the level of the master of the silver glove is three and a half years. Before World War II savate practitioners used to wear the belts as well as some boxers before World War I. Nowadays boxers,kick boxers, savate fighters and fighters in UFC (MMA) compete for the world champion’s belt, which is somehow a tribute to tradition. Beginners in wrestling and boxing also need about 4 years of practice to achieve the master rank.

What is the meaning of DAN ranking in martial arts? (create Jigoro Kano -1886)
In JAPAN -“Jiki dan“ would, in free translation, mean the personal consultation with the master, therefore, the sign Dan has the meaning of time interval which the master of martial arts, the wearer of the black belt spends in active training or knowledge transfer with the consultation of his tutor as the older and more experienced one whose knowledge he is going to inherit. It is interesting that the difference in ranking from the master of the black belt “the 1st Dan“ to the top master skill of “the 10th Dan“ is small , so that the expected time interval between the 1st Dan and the 2nd Dan is two to three years. For the third Dan it takes two, or three years in some disciplines. After getting the third Dan you need three or four years to reach the 4th Dan. The 5th Dan implies about 17 years of continuous training and for the 6th Dan you should have 22 to 25 years’ practice. The 7th Dan is obtained after 35 years of practice, and the 8th Dan requires 40 years of frequent exercise, studying and teaching the skill. The master of the skill is then about 55 years old ( there are subtle differences regarding the style). The 9th Dan is given to the masters more than 60 years old and still active in practicing, studying and teaching the skill of fight. Finally, the 10th Dan is obtained by the masters whose age passes over the age of 69 presuming that they are still active in training, studying and transferring the knowledge of the martial arts. There are only 9 Dans in some Korean styles.

The 11th and the 12th Dans are exceptional and only Judo (and traditional Ju-jucu, Aikido, some traditional styles both in China and Korea) have them, but these titles of judo masters are mainly theoretical. To understand their ranking better, one should know a little about Zen philosophy. For example, the classification in twelve Dan master titles represents the idea of one year interval. In Japan philosophy , the famous Zen master Hyakujo ( Pui Chang-726-814) declared the proverb: „A day without work is a day without food“. It would figuratively mean that the master should practise and progress every day, every month, all the year and permanently all his life. Moreover, the theoretical title of the master of the 12th Dan is based on Zen philosophy. It is interesting that the master wears the white belt, which is related to closing the circle ( such a circle is called samsara in Zen philosophy), and, thus, completing one cycle. In fact it is a kind of a trap of ancient masters (J.Kano?) because Zen philosophy knows neither the end nor the beginning. In other words, the more a master knows about the skill, the more he becomes aware of his lack of knowledge. That’s why enlargement turns into reducement. Moreover, no master of any martial arts can say he has all the answers, which means that a cycle can’t be finished because it is endless. The end is only and exclusively- the death (J.Kano only has 12th). It is also interesting that many folk forms of wrestling have a belt in the equipment so that the common technique of knocking down the rival is linked to ti the technique of catch for the belt (European-for the belt, Glima, Japanese- Sumo, etc.). Lots of wrestling masters decorate their belts in a special way. The belts in Sambo skill are the same as in Judo to the black belt, then comes the black one with the color of the national flag, after which follow the so called international belts- in the colors of the medals: bronze, silver and gold, following on top by the gold belt with the color of the national flag. The belt is also worn in certain folk dance fighting skills as Brazilian Capoeira. In Capoeira, the practitioners achieve the master title cordaose (corda- lace), and they use the belt to show which region they come from or as an ornament to tie the laces on. Some old masters of martial arts in Burma ( Bando, Burman boxing and Thaing skills) tattoo the degrees of their knowledge on the body of the practitioner, as well as jn India, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos and somewhere in Malaya.

On the other hand, with the Sikhs in India , the mastership in martial arts is shown by the turban, although not by its color but by the size, weight and decorations on it. The belt is also worn in Japan fencing skill – Kendo (Tare) and archery- Kyudo. The masters who have got the master title in at least three martial disciplines or sports are called the masters of mixed martial arts, and the experts among them who have published research papers in several fighting skills or sports are called the experts for mixed martial sciences. According to some sources there are about thirty such experts in the world. It is interesting that among the leading experts for mixed martial sciences,besides men,there are also a few women and disabled persons. They are mostly unknown to the general public.

© 2016 David Stainko – http://borilastvo.com – All rights reserved




Top 10 Martial Arts: Full…

top 10 martial artsWhen you think about martial arts, names like Bruce Lee, Jackie Chan, and Jet Li might come to mind. Bruce Lee was considered one of the most influential martial artists of all time. Then, you have Chan and Li who have been major movie stars that incorporate Chinese martial arts into their films. Many people ask, what is the best martial art out there? Well, I’ve come up with a list of the top 10 martial arts out there, you can try them and decide for yourself! Are you looking to start your own martial arts academy? If so, check out this course on Running a Dojo.

In the 90’s the US popularized Mixed Martial Arts (MMA). MMA is a full contact, combat sport, that combines grappling and striking, with standing and ground fighting. MMA allows a wide variety of martial arts and techniques, creating a unique dynamic that favors a versatile martial artist. MMA often involves Judo, Muay Thai, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, Boxing, Karate, Kickboxing, and wrestling.

Martial arts are practiced for a variety of different reasons including self-defense, physical fitness, entertainment and competition. Some even consider martial arts as a way of achieving spiritual growth. If you’re interested in finding the right martial arts for you, check out our course on Martial Arts for Beginners. I have accumulated a list of the the top 10 martial arts today, not in any particular order.

1. Judo

Judo is a competition based sport that originated out of Japan. The primary objective is to throw or takedown your opponent for points. Although it was created for sport and exercise, it has proven to be an effective martial art in close combat through the use of leverage. “Maximum efficiency, minimum effort” is the cornerstone of the martial art. With proper technique and balance, a person can beat a much larger opponent. The major weakness in the art of judo is the lack of any striking techniques in competition or practice.

2. Kickboxing

Kickboxing can be for fitness, self-defense or sport. There are different origins of the sport, but we are most familiar with the American version of kickboxing. Kickboxing combines punches, knees, headbutts, and kicks to disarm an opponent or attacker. A swift front kick to the face is more than enough to disarm any person. The key to kickboxing is speed and agility, the person must strike before the attacker can react and respond.

Advanced kickboxers are known to do “combat qi,” which involves physical conditioning of the body through repeated damage, until there are no pain signals that are sent to the brain to distract the fighter. Some highly trained kickboxers will roll a baseball bat across the surface of the shin for hours a day to break down and rebuild the tibia there. After repeated damage, the tibia grows back stronger and thicker each time, until the fighter can kick hard objects without feeling pain in the shins. The major weakness of the sport of kickboxing is that there is very little attention paid to self defense throughout training.

3. Karate

Karate originated in Japan and is practiced primarily for sport. It involves the typical kicking, punching, elbows and also incorporates open hand techniques. The main focus is on attack deflection, controlling and disabling attacks that come from directly in front of you. Instead of focusing on hits to the face and head, punches are directed towards the solar plexus, just below the sternum, a weak point on the body. This will effectively knock the air out of the opponent and disable him.

4. Aikido

Aikido is a martial art that originates from Japan and is designed primarily for self defense. The creator of aikido wanted to make an art that a person could use to defend themselves, without causing injury to their attackers. Aikido loosely translates to “the way of harmonious spirit.”

The majority of aikido is not striking, it is based on the principle that an attacker exposes themselves each time they go on the attack. The person is supposed to recognize the vulnerability and respond with an attack to ensure that he is not exposed himself. The defender is instructed to go with the movement of the attacker and use his momentum against him, instead of fighting against it.

You may recognize Steven Seagal as a movie star that practices Aikido, believe it or not, he is an authentic 7th degree black belt! His trademark move was the forearm return. An attacker comes at him with a straight punch and he steps to the side, grabbing the wrist, and using the momentum with a twist to disable the attacker’s wrist. The attacker will likely be put off balance and may break his wrist in the process.

Aikido also includes joint locks, a grappling technique that extends the joints to their maximal degree of motion. These do not take much speed, but rather proper technique to disable an attacker.

5. Taekwondo

Taekwondo, a Korean martial art, combines both self-defense and attack, as a way of sport and exercise. The martial art focuses on high kicks and quick hand movements. Taekwondo is based upon the belief that the leg is the strongest and furthest reaching limb that a person has, thus having the greatest potential to be used as a powerful weapon while keeping an attacker at a distance.

The sport is very good to enhance agility, power, balance, flexibility and endurance. You may have seen these martial artists on tv breaking wood planks, cement blocks or bricks with their bare hands and legs. These athletes combine their mental focus and acuity with the strength and technique they develop through training.

6. Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is an all around ruthless sport based out of Brazil. Martial artists are taught vicious and aggressive moves such as eye gouging, choke holds, biting, grappling, hard striking, and joint locks. Once an attacker is brought to the ground, the first step is to grab a limb and manipulate it at the joint until it breaks. After the attacker is immobilized, the martial artist can unleash an arsenal of fists and elbows to the face.

The key to the art is understanding and recognizing your own and your attacker’s center of gravity. Once you learn to lower your own center of gravity underneath that of your attacker, you can manipulate his body and throw him off of you. There is also an understanding of balance where if your attacker reaches out with one part of his body, the other part must balance. It is the standing leg that the martial artists learns to disable and break. Each defense becomes a counter attack.

7. Traditional Boxing

Muhammad Ali would float like a butterfly, sting like a bee each and everytime he entered the ring. Western boxers are known for their agility, both with their punches and without. These athletes can throw punches harder, faster, and more on point than any other martial artist. Just to learn proper punching technique takes several years!

There is no kicking allowed, so you best be sharp with your hands and quick with your feet to keep your balance. Boxers are usually very lean, tough, and solid. They are not as thick or heavy as body builders, because they rely heavily on their agility in the ring. Boxers are ingrained with the idea of protecting their head and learn from the very beginning to keep their gloves up.

Boxing is very natural to a lot of individuals and it can be a lot of fun. This martial art is readily available at most martial arts gyms and many traditional gyms as well. It provides an excellent outlet for sport, discipline, conditioning, and fighting.

8. Wrestling

Wrestling is one of the oldest forms of combat, probably originating from Europe. I’m not referring to the WWE, which many of you may think is true wrestling. On the contrary, traditional wrestling is performed on a mat with no ropes. Wrestling is one of the few martial arts that is also practiced in schools everywhere, from middle school all the way up to college.

9. Krav Maga

Krav Maga is Israel’s national martial art. It has been designed for the purpose of street survival and it is taught to the entire defense force of the country. This martial art involves aspects of Jiu Jitsu grappling and ground fighting, Karate kicks and knees, and traditional boxing punches. This is not a simple sport, in Krav Maga, the defense is aimed at killing the aggressor. The defense is also the attack. It is a counter attack of sorts where you protect yourself from attack, while simultaneously incapacitating the attacker. They also focus on attacking weak areas of the body, namely the eyes, groin, and throat.

10. Muay Thai

Muay Thai originated in Thailand and is also known as the Art of Eight Limbs. This martial art uses punches, kicks, knees and elbows in forming an attack. The sport can be very violent and brutal, but due to many safeguards today, it has become a more universal sport for fun and entertainment. Muay Thai is also one of the staples of MMA style fighting because it not only incorporates western boxing punches, but also brings in kicks, knees and elbows.

I’ve given you a list of the top 10 martial arts today, now its your turn to try them out! If self-defense is your motivation, also try looking at our course for busy and working adults, 30 Minute Self Defense. If you’re looking for something for the little ones to get involved in, check out Martial Arts for Kids.


30 Facts About The Karate…

You’d better start practicing those crane kicks again! More than 30 years after Daniel LaRusso and Johnny Lawrence faced off in one of cinema’s most iconic showdowns, The Karate Kid is making a comeback. A sequel to the hit 1984 film (which has already spawned a few sequels, plus a remake) is making its way to YouTube Red as a new series, currently titled Cobra Kai, with both Ralph Macchio and William Zabka reprising their roles.

According to Variety, “The 10-episode, half-hour series, coming to YouTube Red in 2018, picks up 30 years after the events of the 1984 All Valley Karate Tournament. A down-and-out Johnny Lawrence (Zabka) seeks redemption by reopening the infamous Cobra Kai karate dojo, reigniting his rivalry with a now successful Daniel LaRusso (Macchio), who has been struggling to maintain balance in his life without the guidance of his mentor, Mr. Miyagi.”

While we await more detail on the series, let’s take a look back at the movie that started it all.


In the early 1980’s, Pat Morita was best known for his comedic work as Arnold, the restaurant owner on Happy Days. According to the 2013 book The Films of John G. Avildsen, Morita was Avildsen’s first choice for Miyagi; however, producer Jerry Weintraub felt that audiences would not take him seriously in the role due to his background in comedy. After Morita grew a beard and added a Japanese accent to his screen test, an impressed Weintraub had a change of heart and Morita was given the part.


Wait. What?!? It sounds blasphemous, but in original versions of The Karate Kid script, Daniel LaRusso’s last name was Webber.


While we’re at it, let’s get this out of the way, too: Johnny Lawrence’s name was originally Donald Rice.


Although “You’re the Best” will be forever tied to the montage of fight scenes during the All-Valley Karate Tournament, Joe Esposito’s song was originally written by Bill Conti and Allee Willis to be used in Rocky III. It was ultimately replaced with Survivor’s “Eye of the Tiger.” Esposito revealed this information in a 2008 interview on the Adam Carolla Show where he said that “You’re the Best” was turned down for use in the movie Flashdance as well, and was replaced with Michael Sembello’s “Maniac.” The ’80s truly had an embarrassment of riches when it came to montage songs.


As Daniel and his new friends play soccer on the beach, his eye is caught by Ali Mills, the beautiful blonde from the Hills. Coolly trying to impress her, Daniel shows off his soccer skills only to have the ball knocked away by Freddy (played by Israel Juarbe). Watching closely, you’ll see that poor Freddy takes a direct hit to the face as he brings Daniel back to reality.


At the Halloween dance, Daniel mentions that his shower costume was made by a friend. The assumption that he’s referring to Mr. Miyagi is confirmed in the previous scene where parts of the shower costume can been seen hanging in the background as Miyagi prepares jack-o-lanterns in his workshop.


A few sources provide fascinating photos of the current state of many filming locations used in The Karate Kid. For the most part, these California-based locations are still recognizable and look very much the same as they did back in the mid-1980s. For a complete look at these filming locations, visit itsfilmedthere.com or the Karate Kid Site at fast-rewind.com.


Although most filming locations from The Karate Kid had been found long ago, Mr. Miyagi’s house eluded avid location hunters for a long time.

Taking the art of finding filming locations to a whole new level, in 2014, one fan did some major sleuthing to finally confirm the location of Mr. Miyagi’s house, which was demolished in the late 1980s.


While the apartment complex itself looks very much the same in real life as it does in the film, one exception is the portion representing Mr. Miyagi’s workshop. Opening to the exterior of the building, this area of the complex was actually an open parking area which was walled off for the sake of the film. Comparing a shot from the film to an image taken from Google Maps Street View, this transformation is very clear.


The original Karate Kid script includes two confrontations between Daniel and Johnny which were eventually cut from the film. The first takes place in the school cafeteria, just after Daniel has bought lunch for Ali. Seeing them about to take a seat, Johnny hurries over just in time to sneak a piece of blueberry pie onto Daniel’s chair. Standing up with his pants covered in blueberries, Daniel is equally embarrassed and livid. In a brave act of revenge, Daniel smears what is left of the pie across Johnny’s shirt and mayhem ensues. A photo from this scene can be found on the back of the B.B. Hiller novelization of The Karate Kid.

The other scene occurs later in the film and also takes place at school. Coming up from a drink at the fountain, Daniel finds himself face to face with Johnny and stands up for himself once again by questioning the practices of the Cobra Kai.

The original script reveals this exchange:

Daniel: We both know you can kick my ass seven ways from Sunday. So why do you still bother?
Johnny: Maybe ‘cause I like to.
Daniel: You ever think he might be wrong?
Johnny: Who?
Daniel: Your teacher.
Johnny: Watch your mouth, asshole.


Casual viewers of The Karate Kid know that Mr. Miyagi gives Daniel a cool yellow car for his birthday. Classic car enthusiasts may recognize this smooth ride as a 1948 Ford Super DeLuxe Club convertible.


It is widely rumored that Chuck Norris was initially considered for the part of Cobra Kai Sensei John Kreese, but turned down the role as he did not want to be associated with a character that represented martial arts in such a cruel and aggressive way. Norris has stated that he was never offered this role but likely would have turned it down for these reasons if he had been. Likewise, director John Avildsen does not recall Norris being offered the role.


Upon Daniel’s first visit to the Cobra Kai dojo, he is faced with a wall full of awards recognizing the accomplishments of the students and their sensei. Among the plaques and trophies is a photograph showing Sensei Kreese wearing full military fatigues and recognizing him as “Karate Champion” and a U.S. Army captain from 1970-1972. Kreese’s military service is referenced again later in the Karate Kid trilogy when viewers are introduced to Terry Silver—a Vietnam veteran and successor to Kreese as the Cobra Kai sensei.


Although the name of Daniel’s school is never mentioned in the film, it is subtly referenced in a scene at his locker, just before he tells Ali about the “agreement” he has made with the Cobra Kai. A sticker inside the locker door suggests that Daniel attends West Valley High School.


Daniel and his mother moved to California as a result of her new job with Rocket Computers (“Flight to the future!”). The original script reveals why Freddy had “never heard of it” and also sheds some light on why it seems that Mrs. LaRusso might be an employee of the restaurant across from the Cobra Kai dojo.

As she shares with Daniel:

“They went bankrupt!…[But] listen to this. I walk out of Rocket with the beginning of Excedrin headache one through ten about to come on, and I’m going back to the car when this woman comes flying out of this restaurant, The Orient Express, and she’s screaming, ‘I quit! I quit!’ Right behind her is this guy and he’s yelling just as loud, ‘You can’t quit! You’re fired!’ It’s one minute to noon, people are coming in to lunch, I’m the first but only applicant — I got the job!”

When Daniel questions her new position as a waitress, his mother clarifies that she is not a waitress. She is a hostess.


Mr. Miyagi stops by the LaRusso’s apartment to fix the faucet and finds Daniel practicing karate. While Miyagi was surprised that Daniel was trying to learn karate from a book, it is also surprising that the magazine underneath the book was published in April 1969.

I guess this then-15-year-old Easter issue of Family Circle explains the bunny cake clipping seen hanging on the refrigerator door (although it doesn’t explain why the LaRussos were planning for Easter in September).


The tournament semi-finalists included Johnny Lawrence, Bobby Brown, Daniel LaRusso, and a character credited only as “Karate Semi-Finalist,” played by black belt Darryl Vidal. Vidal shows off some flashy moves before being eliminated by Johnny, who advances to face Daniel in the final.

Vidal is now a 10th degree black belt and one of the most respected teachers in the sport. His involvement with The Karate Kid was not limited to the action seen in the tournament. Earlier, in one of the most memorable scenes from the film, Mr. Miyagi performs the crane kick from atop a wooden post on the beach as Daniel observes from a distance.

But it was not actually Morita on the post—it was Darryl Vidal, serving as his stunt double. These details are confirmed in the DVD commentary track and Vidal himself provided this information to the Karate Kid Site at fast-rewind.com: “I am the stunt double for the scene where Mr. Miyagi is on the post on the beach. It isn’t noted in the cast list at the end where I am just listed as the semi-finalist. I am dressed in a body-suit, and bald-head wig.”


Although Daniel hides his “No More Mr. Nice Guy” tee under a button-up, Freddy proudly wears his “Makin’ Bacon” shirt for all the world to see.


Entering his new apartment building for the first time, Daniel stops to speak with a woman who reveals she is from Parsippany, New Jersey. Moments later, she provides Daniel with some less-than-clear directions to Mr. Miyagi’s workshop. You may recognize her as Frances Bay—the character actress who played Happy Gilmore’s grandmother.


The Karate Kid soundtrack includes the song “No Shelter” by the band Broken Edge. The band can be seen in the film playing on stage at the Halloween dance.


Pat Johnson was responsible for the choreography of The Karate Kid’s fight scenes. Johnson, a well-known karate expert, also played the part of the referee in the film’s final match. When the Remco line of Karate Kid action figures hit shelves in 1986, a figure based on Johnson as the tournament official was included in the Competition Center set.


Dutch, a member of the Cobra Kai, was played by Chad McQueen—on of legendary actor Steve McQueen.

Early in the film, Freddy invites Daniel to a beach party with his friends. Among those friends was Chucky, played by Frank Burt Avalon, who happens to be the son of singer and beach film veteran Frankie Avalon.

At the Halloween dance, Daniel has a raw egg smashed on his head by a guy dressed as a chicken. The chicken boy was played by Todd Lookinland—brother of Mike Lookinland, Bobby of Brady Bunch fame.

Larry Drake, later of L.A. Law, is credited as “Yahoo #2,” and you may also recognize Larry Scott from the original Revenge of the Nerds in the role of Jerry.

Lastly, although uncredited, actor Andrew Shue appears briefly as an arbitrary member of the Cobra Kai. He is the brother of Ali Mills herself, Elisabeth Shue.


In the DVD commentary, Ralph Macchio suggests that the bruise seen on his chin is real—a result of a roundhouse kick that struck him during the Halloween night fight against some teens dressed up in skeleton costumes.


As previously mentioned, Morita was well-known prior to The Karate Kid for his comedy work on several TV shows, including a recurring stint as Ah Chew on Sanford and Son. Producer Jerry Weintraub suggested that Morita’s credit in the film include his given name—Noriyuki—so as to sound more “ethnic.” Therefore, the role of Mr. Miyagi is credited to Noriyuki “Pat” Morita.


The Karate Kid was not intended to conclude with Daniel’s victory over Johnny at the tournament. The opening scene in the sequel The Karate Kid Part II, which sees a parking lot confrontation between Kreese and Miyagi, was the original film’s original ending. Both B.B. Hiller’s novelization of the film and early copies of the script conclude with Miyagi tweaking Kreese’s nose and the members of the Cobra Kai dropping their belts around their defeated leader.


In an amazing breakdown written for overthinkingit.com, Matthew Belinkie considers the legality of the crane kick within the rules of a typical karate competition. According to Belinkie, competition rules prohibit participants from striking their opponent using “full power.”

Going on to discuss this matter with an expert in karate competition, he confirms that in most cases, Daniel would have been disqualified as a result of the maneuver.


Several of the original cast members are active on social media sites. Ralph Macchio chimes in on Twitter along with Martin Kove, William Zabka, and Tony O’Dell. On Facebook, Ron Thomas actively promotes his real-life dojo and martial arts training. If you follow any of these guys, you’re sometimes treated to behind-the-scenes gems like this.


What do you get when you combine Dennis Haskins from Saved By the Bell, the core of The Karate Kid cast, and the band No More Kings? You get the amazing 2007 music video for a song called “Sweep the Leg.”


In 2010, Ralph Macchio appeared in a video for Funny or Die as he humorously attempted to shed his “good guy” image.


Hold on to your seats, Karate Kid fans. If you weren’t aware of this already, prepare to have your minds blown. An entire rehearsal of The Karate Kid is available to view on YouTube. Included in the run-through are several dialogue variations and a few scenes that didn’t make it to the final cut of the film. If you’re a diehard Karate Kid fan, you’ll definitely want to check this out for yourself.